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cadmium and cadmium compounds in plastics

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Cadmium sulfide - Wikipedia

Cadmium sulfide is the inorganic compound with the formula CdS. ... CdS is used as pigment in plastics, showing good thermal stability, light and weather fastness, ... Cadmium sulfide is toxic, especially when inhaled as dust, and cadmium compounds general are classified as carcinogenic.

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Cadmium: Inorganic Chemistry - Encyclopedia of Inorganic ...

Cadmium compounds are highly toxic, and human exposure to this metal is known to be involved in cancer and other diseases. The targets are the body's cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal, neurological, reproductive, and respiratory systems.

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Cadmium- ToxFAQs™ - Agency for Toxic Substances and ...

Cadmium- ToxFAQs™ CAS # 7440-43-9. ... metal coatings, and plastics. What happens to cadmium when it enters ... (IARC) have determined that cadmium and cadmium compounds are human carcinogens. The EPA determined that cadmium is a probable human carcinogen (group B1).

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Cadmium – Roadmap on Carcinogens

Workers may be exposed to cadmium from the smelting and refining of metals or from air in industrial plants that manufacture batteries, coatings, or plastics. Exposure to cadmium that may be dangerous may occur in jobs in which workers are exposed to cadmium dust or fumes, where they heat compounds or surfaces that contain cadmium, or where ...

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Cadmium | Cd - PubChem

Cadmium is primarily consumed for the production of rechargeable nickel cadmium batteries; other end uses include pigments, coatings and plating, and as stabilizers for plastics. Solar cell manufacturing may become another significant market for cadmium in the future.

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Alternatives / Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds Facts ...

Cadmium is used to create a range of yellow colors in plastics formulations. Cadmium sulfides and sulfo-selenides are used in pigments to create a family of yellow/orange/red pigments. Cadmium yellow is created using cadmium sulfide (CdS), cadmium red is cadmium selenide (CdSe) and cadmium orange is an intermediate cadmium sulfoselenide.

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Cadmium Compounds - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Exposure Sources of Cadmium. Cadmium and cadmium compounds have been used in various commercial and industrial applications since the early 1900s [19,164,165]. Today, cadmium is primarily used in batteries, though other cadmium-containing products include pigments, electroplates and coatings, and plastic stabilizers.

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Cadmium - IFC

solders, as a stabilizer in plastics (organic cad-mium), as a pigment, and as a component of nickel-cadmium batteries. Cadmium production may use by-products and wastes from the pri-mary production of zinc. Health Impacts of Exposure Ingestion via food, especially plant-based food-stuffs, is the major route by which cadmium en-

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Cadmium - Wikipedia

Cadmium occurs as a minor component in most zinc ores and is a byproduct of zinc production. Cadmium was used for a long time as a corrosion-resistant plating on steel, and cadmium compounds are used as red, orange and yellow pigments, to color glass, and to stabilize plastic.

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CADMIUM AND CADMIUM COMPOUNDS

Cadmium sulfide compounds (e.g. cadmium sulfide, cadmium sulfoselenide, and cadmium lithopone) are used as pigments in a wide variety of applications, including engineering plastics, glass, glazes, ceramics, rubber, enamels, artists colours, and fireworks. Ranging in colour from yellow to deep-red maroon, cadmium pigments

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Benzene Peanut can with plastic lid Styrene Nickel-cadmium ...

Nickel-cadmium batteries Aluminum foil Plastic bags Plastic grocery bags Plastic and foil packaging Aluminum pop can Plastic (No. B2) plate Benzene, naphthalene, styrene, tol-uene, and xylene are aromatic hydrocar-bons, which are suspected carcinogens. Aromatic hydrocarbons also are severe eye, nose, and throat irritants. These compounds occur ...

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CDC - NIOSH Publications and Products - Cadmium (Cd) (84-116)

Recent data on pulmonary uptake of cadmium compounds 20-23 and on the effects of solubility, particle charge, and crystallinity of cadmium compounds 24-26 suggest the need to better characterize the extent of workers' biological exposure to cadmium in various work settings.

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Cadmium | Wikipedia audio article - YouTube

 · Cadmium was used for a long time as a corrosion-resistant plating on steel, and cadmium compounds are used as red, orange and yellow pigments, to color glass, and to stabilize plastic.

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All the information on Cadmium - Cadmium emissions

The International Cadmium Association (ICdA) is a non-profit association representing the interests of the world's cadmium industry. Its Members include producers, processors, recyclers and consumers of cadmium metal, cadmium compounds, and products to which cadmium or its compounds have intentionally been added.

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What are cadmium and cadmium compounds? | eNotes

Get an answer for 'What are cadmium and cadmium compounds?' and find homework help for other Health questions at eNotes ... (paint, glass, ceramics, porcelain, textiles, plastics, paper, and ...

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Chemistry of Cadmium - Chemistry LibreTexts

Cadmium Oxide (CdO): This compound in used in a variety of reactions including acting as a catalyst in redox reactions, hydrogenation reactions, polymerization and cleavage. Cadmium Oxide is heat resistant so it can be very useful in heat-resistant plastics, as well as other coatings for plastic.

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Human Health Effects of Heavy Metals DRAFT5

Cadmium Cadmium is a very toxic metal. All soils and rocks, including coal and mineral fertilizers, contain some cadmium. Cadmium has many uses, including batteries, pigments, metal coatings, and plastics. It is used exten-sively in electroplating. Health effects Cadmium and cadmium compounds are known human carcinogens.

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EXPOSURE TO CADMIUM: A MAJOR PUBLIC HEALTH …

Cadmium is also used in paint pigments, for electroplating and in making polyvinyl chloride plastics. The majority of cadmium present in the atmosphere is the result of human activities, especially smelting of non-ferrous metal ores, fossil fuel combustion and municipal waste incineration. 4. Soluble inorganic cadmium compounds are of

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40 CADMIUM - USGS

The other company, operating in Ohio, recovered secondary cadmium metal from spent nickel-cadmium (NiCd) batteries. Domestic production and consumption of cadmium were withheld to avoid disclosing company proprietary data. Cadmium metal and compounds are mainly consumed for alloys, coatings, NiCd batteries, pigments, and plastic stabilizers.

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nstruction: CadmiumPlating and Cadmium Compounds

Cadmium is an Endocrine Disruptor1 and a Carcinogen2. Toxic for reproduction (Article 57c) Equivalent level of concern having probable serious effects to human health (Article 57 f) Carcinogenic (Article 57a) Assembly / Disassembly These activities may cause some very minor transfer of residue onto unprotected skin. It is

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Cadmium FAQ - Dartmouth Toxic Metals Superfund Research ...

Since cadmium is a transition metal with a chemical structure similar to silicon and germanium, it possesses some of the same semi-conducting qualities. By evaporating a compound of cadmium known as cadmium telluride onto glass or plastic, engineers …

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Cadmium | OEHHA

'Cadmium' listed as known to the State to cause developmental toxicity and male reproductive toxicity. 'Cadmium and cadmium compounds' listed as known to the State to cause cancer; NSRL of 0.05 µg/day (inhalation) is for cadmium.

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Safety and Health Topics | Cadmium | Occupational Safety ...

Cadmium became an important metal in the production of nickel-cadmium (Ni-Cd) rechargeable batteries and as a sacial corrosion-protection coating for iron and steel. Common industrial uses for cadmium today are in batteries, alloys, coatings (electroplating), solar cells, plastic …

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Cadmium - USGS

Cadmium compounds and pigments were subject to import duties, but unwrought and powdered metal, as well as waste and scrap, entered duty free in all but a few cases.

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Cadmium pigments - Wikipedia

Cadmium Compounds are utilized in coloring borosilicate glass used by artists in lampworking. The palette is often referred to as 'cadmium colors' or 'cadmium based colors' and is marked by uniquely bright and saturated tones not found in other colored glass.

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Cadmium - IDPH

Cadmium is not mined, but it is a by-product of the smelting of other metals such as zinc, lead, and copper. Cadmium is used in nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries and for metal plating. It also is used in some paints, plastics, and metal solders.

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Potential Sources of Cadmium Exposure EXPOSURE TO …

coatings, and plastics. It is also a contaminant of some commercial fertilizers. The workplace is the most common ... occur from inhalation of cadmium oxide fumes that are produced when cadmium metal and cadmium compounds are heated to high temperatures. Metal fume …

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Cadmium for PDF - Occupational Safety and Health ...

pigments, coatings, and platings and as a stabilizer for plastics. Workers in many industries face potential exposure to cadmium. The potential for exposure is highest among workers in electroplat-ing, metal machining, plastics, ceramics, paint, and welding ... cadmium compounds, or cadmium-contaminated clothing, equipment, waste, scrap, or ...

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What Are The Sources Of Exposure To Cadmium In The ...

Cadmium sulfide and cadmium sulfoselenide are the two primary cadmium-based compounds used in the manufacture of cadmium pigments. An estimated 2,000 tons of cadmium pigments are manufactured each year around the world, accounting for about half the annual cadmium …

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Plastics News

 · New testing shows lower levels cadmium and the elimination of lead in a sampling of imported flexible PVC packaging compared with previous analysis, according to a …

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ANNEX XV REPORT ASSESSMENT WHETHER THE USE OF …

Uses of cadmium and its compounds in plastic materials not specifically identified in Directive 91/338/EEC or in REACH Annex XVII are subsequently termed within this Annex XV report as "non-restricted" uses, and are the focus of this Annex XV report.

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CADMIUM AND CADMIUM COMPOUNDS IN PLASTICS

Annex XV restriction dossier on cadmium and cadmium compounds in the plastic materials not previously covered by restriction. The tasks for the contractor cover the identification of uses of cadmium compounds in plastic materials and the technical and economical feasibility of alternatives as well as risk assessment of

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